Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injury

The Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) is a strong ligament within the knee joint attaching the femur (thigh bone) to the shin bone (tibia).  Together with the Posterior Cruciate Ligament they form a cross like pattern inside the knee.

The ACL stabilizes the knee joint, limiting forward movement of the femur on the tibia.       Anterior_Cruciate_Ligament_Injury

Injury of the ACL often occurs when the foot is planted and you twist the thigh above the foot.

Management of an ACL tear depends on the severity.  Moderate and severe tears are best managed by arthroscopic surgery whereby they replace the ligament often with a graft from your hamstring tendon.  Following surgery an intensive strengthening rehabilitation program over 6 months is necessary to return to pre-injury activities.

If the tear is only minor an intensive and very specific strengthening program guided by your physiotherapist will assist with return to sports.
Please note this information acts as a guide only.  Please review with your physiotherapists if you have any concerns.